Egypt. Challenges Mohamed Morsi – News from France
cur-game | Monday, June 25, 2012
fireworks were fired, Tahrir Square, Cairo. | Photo Amr Dalsh / Reuters
The new Egyptian president must give assurances on the international scene as before his people.
Muslim Brotherhood candidate was elected in the second round of presidential elections with 51.7% of Egypt votes against his rival Ahmed Shafik. Expectations are high and the huge undertaking.
1. Being the president of all Egyptians
vision Tahrir Square cheering is a sham. If success at the ballot box by Mohamed Morsi suffers no dispute, civil society is more divided, while the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (AFSC) is keeping watch. During his campaign, the 60-year-old engineer has been courting the most conservative voters by invoking Sharia repeatedly, raising fears of an “Islamic revolution” in Egypt. In the period between the two towers, the politician has wanted to bring people together, explaining that his future government would protect press freedom and the rights of the Christian minority, which represents one tenth of the Egyptian population. He also referred to as “the defender of” the revolution of January 25, “”, opposite that of the army, Ahmed Shafik. During his first televised address Sunday night, Mohamed Morsi has promised to be “president of all Egyptians.”
2. Form a national unity government
His first task is to form a civilian government. Behind the scenes, negotiations are already underway between Islamic fundamentalists and the General Council of the Armed Forces (AFSC). In late May, he had dissolved parliament and had assumed the legislative power and the task of forming the committee to draft a new constitution. “President Morsi and his team are in talks with the Supreme Council of the armed forces to restore the elected Parliament, as well as on other issues,” said Reuters on Monday Essam Haddad, senior officials of the Brothers. In exchange, the new leader of Egypt would appoint a national unity government. Brotherhood officials said the Islamic movement approached the secular reformist Mohamed ElBaradei, former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Nobel laureate for peace, for it assumes the function Prime Minister.
From the official announcement of his election, the great world leaders have congratulated the winner. The President Francois Hollande has sent a communique to Mohamed Morsi. “Our country stands ready to work with the newly elected president, could be read. It is now important that the transition began in February 2011, will continue to, as committed, as to establish in Egypt a democratic and pluralistic political system and a state law guaranteeing civil and political liberties of all citizens as minorities. “The U.S. President Barack Obama telephoned him Sunday, reported the White House. “The president emphasized that the United States would continue to support Egypt’s transition to democracy and to be with the Egyptians (…),” Washington said in a statement. Same story for Israel. The Jewish state “will continue its cooperation with the Egyptian government on the basis of the peace agreement between the two countries, which serves the interests of both peoples and contribute to regional stability.” During his speech, Egyptian President reassured the international scene by explaining that his country respected the treaties in progress.
4. Reconnecting with Iran
Since the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979 and recognition of Israel by Egypt, the official diplomatic relations were severed between Cairo and Tehran. In an interview with the official news agency Fars (Iran), Mohammed Morsi said he wanted to improve relations with the Persian country. “This will create a balance of pressure in the region. And that’s part of my program, “said the elected candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood. If such an announcement could seduce the electorate – the hatred of Israel is an easy to wave a red rag – the new Egyptian president could offend its western partners. Iran continues to play with the patience of the UN on the nuclear issue and displays unwavering support to President Bashar al-Assad, which mate in the blood a popular uprising in his country for over 16 months.
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